Central Asia is a large region, which takes up 2% of the whole land. After the collapse of the USSR, five independent states were proclaimed here: Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tadjikistan and
sights attract people here - Central Asia is also a paradise for those who are keep on sport. Central Asia offers enough places for different kinds of sport activity such as mountaineering, climbing, trekking, rafting, skiing, etc.
The region is directly connected by air with
the cities of Europe, USA, Asia and the Middle East. The unique nature, historical monuments, tourist infrastructure, the traditional hospitality and cordiality of local people make Central Asia attractive for international tourism.
Average temperature: January - 4°C, July - 36°C
Population: 22 million people.
Languages: Uzbek and Russian.
Religions: Islam, Christianity.
Capital: Tashkent (2,3 min, inhabitants).
Time: 4 hours ahead of GMT.
National currency is soum. 1 scum = 100 tiyn.
SAMARKAND - the ancient capital of the huge Tamerlan`s Empire. Even nowadays the monuments of that time strike us by their size, beautiful mosaic with numerous drawings, the exactness and symmetry of architectural forms. The blue dome of Tamerlan`s Mausoleum - Cur- Emir and its inner ornamentation area unique. Complex of Mausoleum Shahi- zinda, Afrosiab - the ancient town, historical museums of the city, bazzar - the most interesting sights ot the city. Tourist can also see the fight and musical show in Registan Square, folk show in Sher-Dor - Madrassah, the theater of historical costume; the taste-room in the most ancient vine-making factory in Central Asia is famous among many of the tourists.
BUKHARA is considered to be one of the most ancient cities in the world. It is about 2500 years old. Many mosques and madrasahs (religious schools) are still preserved. Among them Char-Minor, Chashma- Aub, Gav-Kushon, Namazgoh. Cultural- religious complex Nakshbandi has been recently restored. One on the most ancient monuments I - Samanid's Mausoleum (9 - 10 c.) strikes by its geometrical strictness. Country residence of Bukhara emir - Sitorai Mohki-Hosa, architectural complex Laybi-Hauz, Ark fortress, Necropol Chor- Bakr are particularly popular. The gold embroidery and the coinage of Bukhara are very famous far from outside of the country.
KHIVA is the unique museum-town under the open sky. The main monuments, being preserved nowadays, dated 19 - 20 centuries, are concentrated inside Ichan-Kola - the old part of the city, surrounded by the fortress's walls. It seems that time has stopped here. From the top of Islam-Hodja minaret one can perfectly see Tashhauli - palace of Khiva Khan, Djl mosque, Pahlavan-makhmud Mausoleum, Shirgazi-khan Madrasah. There are wooden gates of the madrasah and mosques, every dwelling house is decorated with unique patterns. The famous Khiva carpets are valuable all over the world.
The climate is continental. The average temperature in January is from 4 to 14 degrees below zero, Centigrade, in July - from 12 to 30 above zero, Centigrade.
Population: 4.4 min. Kyrgyz (52,8%) Russian (21.3%), Uzbeks (I 2.8%), Ukrainians (2.3%), Germans, Dungans, Kazakhs, Tanks, Tatars, Uigurs, Koreans.
Religions: Moslems, Christians. Languages: Russian, Kyrgyz.
Capital: Bishkek (632,000).
Time: 4 hour ahead of GMT.
National currency: I som = 100 tiyn, I USD= 17.2somll997), I DM=9.5som(1997).
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan - the rich and ancient land of diligent people, won back from the Karakum desert. It has always attracted numerous conquerors. Annually the country experiences the"invasion" of many tourists who would like to see the ancient monuments of Kunya-Urgench and Merv, Nissa and Aktau. No one will depart without any souvenirs, jewelry decorations and certainly Turkmen carpets, the most famous carpets in the world.
From Turkmenistan many tourisl continue their travelling to Iran (Persia) and by ferry via the Caspian Sea to Azerbaidjan.
The highest point is Mt Khan-Tengri (7,010 m) in the Tengri - Tag range of the Central Tien-Shan mountain system. The climate is severely continental.
The average temperature in January is 13 degrees below zero, Centigrade. The average temperature in July is 25 degrees above zero, Centigrade. The population is 17 million. The main nationalities are the Kazakhs and the Russians.
Also Ukrainians, Tatars, Koreans, Germans, Uzbeks, Uigurs.
The main religions are Islam and Christianity. Capital: since 199* the capital of Kazakhstan is Akmola.
National currency: tenge. Official language: Kazakh.